Teeth Sensitivity After A Cavity Filling - Causes & Treatments
Getting a dental filling is usually a routine procedure that dentists perform day after day. Tooth fillings are one of the first options you have to repair the damage that’s caused by tooth decay. They’re smaller and less invasive than something like a crown, and they help to get rid of the pain from having cavities.
So why is it that some people experience sensitive teeth after filling placement? If you have that lingering after tooth filling pain, let’s step back for a minute and discuss how and why that could be happening.
What Is A Tooth Filling?
A filling is a small restoration – made out of really durable material – that your dentist uses to fill in and patch over a hole in your tooth. The hole, in this case, is a cavity. And since cavities are bacterial infections, the entire area of decay has to be cleaned out before you can place a dental filling.
Symptoms Of Sensitive Teeth After Filling
How can you tell if your pain after a tooth filling is normal sensitivity or something else? For starters, make sure you’re not chewing on that side of your mouth for the first 24 hours. During this time your filling is hardening in place and the tooth may be in “shock”. Plus, you don’t want to accidentally bite your lip, cheek, or tongue because of your mouth still feeling numb. Once the local anesthetic starts to wear off, you might feel:
- pain or sensitivity when you’re drinking anything cold
- tenderness when biting down/chewing on that side of your mouth
- dull aches when eating or drinking something hot
- off-and-on twinges that seem to pop up for no reason
- sore gums next to your tooth
- lingering soreness after meals, clenching, or when you wake up
Generally, you can expect the nerve inside of your tooth to “bounce back” within a couple of weeks. But symptoms that last longer than 10-14 days could mean something else is going on.
What Causes A Toothache After A Filling?
Every tooth has its own set of nerves. Just like other places in your body, irritation or trauma to those nerves can cause sensitivity or pain. Fortunately, in the case of dental fillings, that discomfort is usually temporary. A lot of what people consider pain after a tooth filling is actually the soreness caused by the injection that’s used to numb their tooth. Even though local anesthetic is there to keep you comfortable, it can cause some referred sensitivity once the medication wears off several hours later.
It can be normal to experience sensitive teeth after fillings or other dental work. A few of the most common reasons to feel that “after tooth filling” pain include factors like:
- soreness from where local anesthetic was injected
- the filling being in close proximity to your tooth nerve
- getting a larger than normal filling
- temperature changes
- the filling being too “high” on your tooth
- pressure on the tooth when biting down or chewing
However, if the filling is extremely large and your tooth keeps hurting, there’s a chance that the nerve was too close to the cavity. In that situation, your dentist may try to treat your tooth with a dental filling first and if it doesn’t take, perform a root canal or crown.
Treatment For Relieving Sensitive Teeth Pain
Adjusting the occlusion (biting surface) of your filling is one of the first treatments to try. If your filling is too high and it’s biting down before the other teeth in your mouth, that extra pressure can cause tooth pain. Your dentist can slightly adjust the filling so that the occlusion matches up with that of the other teeth in your mouth.
Sensitivity treatments like fluoride varnish and sensitivity toothpaste can help too. If you’re using any whitening products, delay them until after your tooth has bounced back or just avoid putting the gel on that tooth at all.
In rare situations, your filling might need to be taken out, the tooth medicated, and then a larger restoration or root canal placed.
In most cases, sensitivity after getting a filling is temporary and goes away within a few days. Time is usually the best treatment!
Sensitive Teeth After A Filling
It’s not abnormal to experience sensitive teeth after fillings are placed. Normally it will wear off within a few days to a month. But if the pain is moderate to severe or lasts longer than a few weeks, go back to your dentist’s office to have it checked out. More than likely they’ll just need to adjust your filling, but in a worst-case scenario, they may need to perform a root canal.
Try to avoid eating on that side of your mouth for at least a day and then limit contact with cold or hot foods while sensitivity persists. Skipping your normal whitening routine and using a sensitivity toothpaste can also provide some relief.
teethtalkgirl content is medically reviewed and fact-checked by a licensed dentist or medical doctor to ensure the information is factual, current, and relevant.American Dental Association. Sensitive Teeth Causes and Treatment. American Dental Association. NaN Available at: https://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Publications/Files/patient_33.pdf?la=en. March 11, 2020 Ann Stomatol (Roma).. Pain management for dentists: the role of ibuprofen. Ann Stomatol (Roma).. NaN Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3414241/. March 11, 2020 Mayo Clinic. Treatments for sensitive teeth. Mayo Clinic. NaN Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/expert-answers/sensitive-teeth/faq-20057854. March 11, 2020